Multi-Scalar Analysis of Domestic Activities at Parker Farm: A Late Prehistoric Cayuga Iroquois Village

Tracy Sue Michaud Stutzman

PhD Thesis 2002

In this dissertation, a multi-scalar analysis of domestic activities is completed on archaeological data recovered from Parker Farm, a late prehistoric Cayuga Iroquois village. Within any settlement, domestic activities are visible at different scales. Analyzing the remains of domestic activities at a broader community level and from inside a single household at Parker Farm allows a more holistic analysis of domestic lifeways in this village than any single level analysis alone.

A household view provides contextual data on specific types of domestic activities and their relations inside the longhouse whereas a community view incorporates data from inside and outside various longhouses to provide a broad overview of domestic activities occurring within the village. The different factors that influence the visibility of material remains at each level are explored. This research generates detailed information about the late prehistoric Cayuga Iroquois that serves as a comparison to ethnographic accounts and past research. The analysis also shows the value of analyzing structural data (postmolds and features) and material data at different local levels. The information learned is helpful in studying change through time and variation within villages.